How to implement a singleton with async initialisation and null safety in dart?

Issue

I need a Singleton for the shared preferences which has async initialisation but also works with null safety. Usually I used the following singleton implementation, but what is the best way to have a singleton which works with null safety?

class SharedPrefs {
static SharedPrefs _instance;
static Future<Null> _mutex;

static Future<SharedPrefs> getInstance() async {
  if (_mutex != null) {
    await _mutex;
  }
  var completer = Completer<Null>();
  _mutex = completer.future;

  if (_instance == null) {
    _instance = SharedPrefs();
    await _instance.init();
  }

  completer.complete();
  _mutex = null;

  return _instance;
}

SharedPreferences prefs;

SharedPrefs();

Future<SharedPrefs> init() async {
  SharedPreferences prefs = await SharedPreferences.getInstance();
  return this;
}

dynamic get(String key) {
  return prefs.getString(key);
}

Future<bool> put(String key, dynamic value) async {
  return await prefs.setString(key,value);
}
}

Solution

Here you go:

class SharedPreferencesProvider {
  static SharedPreferencesProvider? _instance;
  final SharedPreferences _sharedPreferences;

  static Future<SharedPreferencesProvider> getInstance() async {
    if (_instance == null) {
      final sharedPreferences = await SharedPreferences.getInstance();
      _instance = SharedPreferencesProvider._(sharedPreferences);
    }
    return _instance!;
  }

  SharedPreferencesProvider._(SharedPreferences sharedPreferences)
      : _sharedPreferences = sharedPreferences;

Answered By – pedro pimont

Answer Checked By – Pedro (FlutterFixes Volunteer)

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