Non-nullable instance field must be initialized


class Foo {
  int count; // Error
  void bar() => count = 0;

Why I’m seeing an error when I’am already initializing it in the bar method? I could understand this error if count was marked final.


(Your code was fine before Dart 2.12, null safe)

With null safety, Dart has no way of knowing if you had actually assigned a variable to count. Dart can see initialization in three ways:

  1. At the time of declaration:

    int count = 0;
  2. In the initializing formals:

  3. In the initializer list:

    Foo() : count = 0;

So, according to Dart, count was never initialized in your code and hence the error. The solution is to either initialize it in 3 ways shown above or just use the late keyword which will tell Dart that you are going to initialize the variable at some other point before using it.

  1. Use the late keyword:

    class Foo {
      late int count; // No error
      void bar() => count = 0;
  2. Make variable nullable:

    class Foo {
      int? count; // No error
      void bar() => count = 0;

Answered By – iDecode

Answer Checked By – Timothy Miller (FlutterFixes Admin)

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