How to deal with information that arrives null? – NoSuchMethodError

Issue

I’m getting null information from a web api. If a single information is null, the error will occur:

Error: Exception: NoSuchMethodError: ‘[]’
Dynamic call of null.
Receiver: null
Arguments: ["address"]

I declared this information in the model like this:

final String? address;

..
address: json['data1']['data2'][0]['data3']['address'][0]

I tried to do something like:

address: json[‘data1’][‘data2’][0][‘data3’][‘address’][0].isEmpty
? ”
: json[‘data1’][‘data2’][0][‘data3’][‘address’][0],

But it does not work.

I appreciate if anyone can help me analyze it!

Solution

The only thing you can do is to anticipate the null values and handle each case as needed.

For instance, if a null value is not accepted at all, you could wrap the code in throw ... catch statement then throw an error — e.g.Missing Data and handle that error.

If having a null value is fine, you can use the null aware operator ? (or a nested if-statements if you prefer that). For example, assuming the value is a String, you could do something like this:

final String? myValue = json['data1']?['data2']?[0]?['data3']?['address']?[0];

Though, keep in mind if you’re accessing a list by index, you still can get a RangeError if the index is out of range or if the list is empty. In such case you may need to split the process in a separate method and inspect each part separately such as:

String? extractValue(Map<String, dynamic> json) {
  final firstList = json['data1']?['data2'];
  if (firstList is List && firstList.isNotEmpty) {
    final innerList = firstList[0]['data3']?['address'];
    if (innerList is List && innerList.isNotEmpty) {
      return innerList[0];
    }
  }
  return null; // or return a default value or throw an error
}

Answered By – osaxma

Answer Checked By – Mildred Charles (FlutterFixes Admin)

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