Flutter bloc listener not listening to state changes

Issue

I am using flutter_bloc library to create a verification code page. Here is what I tried to do.

class PhonePage extends StatelessWidget {
  static Route route() {
    return MaterialPageRoute<void>(builder: (_) => PhonePage());
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: BlocProvider(
        create: (_) =>
            ValidationCubit(context.repository<AuthenticationRepository>()),
        child: PhoneForm(),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class PhoneForm extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return BlocConsumer<ValidationCubit, ValidationState>(
      listener: (context, state) {
        print('Listener has been called');
        if (state.status.isSubmissionFailure) {
          _showVerificationError(context);
        } else if (state.status.isSubmissionSuccess) {
          _showVerificationSuccess(context);
        }
      },
      builder: (context, state) {
        return Container(
          child: SingleChildScrollView(
            child: Padding(
              padding: EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
              child: Column(
                mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.max,
                crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.center,
                mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.spaceBetween,
                children: [
                  _HeaderAndTitle(),
                  _VerificationInput(),
                  _VerifyButton()
                ],
              ),
            ),
          ),
        );
      },
    );
  }

  void _showVerificationError(context) {
    Scaffold.of(context)
      ..hideCurrentSnackBar()
      ..showSnackBar(const SnackBar(content: Text('Validation error')));
  }

  void _showVerificationSuccess(context) {
    Scaffold.of(context)
      ..hideCurrentSnackBar()
      ..showSnackBar(const SnackBar(
        content: Text('Validation Success'),
        backgroundColor: Colors.green,
      ));
  }
}

...

class _VerifyButton extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return BlocBuilder<ValidationCubit, ValidationState>(
        builder: (context, state) {
      return RaisedButton.icon(
          color: Colors.blue,
          padding: EdgeInsets.symmetric(horizontal: 38.0, vertical: 12.0),
          textColor: Colors.white,
          icon: state.status.isSubmissionInProgress
              ? Icon(FontAwesomeIcons.ellipsisH)
              : Icon(null),
          label: Text(state.status.isSubmissionInProgress ? '' : 'Verify',
              style: TextStyle(fontSize: 16.0)),
          shape:
              RoundedRectangleBorder(borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(25)),
          onPressed: state.status.isValid
              ? () => context.bloc<ValidationCubit>().verifyCode()
              : null);
    });
  }
}

Now the verifyCode() function is an async function defined inside ValidationCubit. It emits states with status set to loading, success and failure. However the listener doesn’t pick up those changes and show the snackbars. I couldn’t figure why? I am also using the Formz library as suggested in the flutter_bloc documentation. Here is the verifyCode part.

Future<void> verifyCode() async {
    if (!state.status.isValidated) return;
    emit(state.copyWith(status: FormzStatus.submissionInProgress));
    try {
      // send validation code to server here
      await _authenticationRepository.loginWithEmailAndPassword(
          email: 'email@email.com', password: '12');
      emit(state.copyWith(status: FormzStatus.submissionSuccess));
    } on Exception {
      emit(state.copyWith(status: FormzStatus.submissionFailure));
    }
  }

The verification code model looks like this:

class ValidationState extends Equatable {
  final VerificationCode verificationCode;
  final FormzStatus status;

  const ValidationState({this.verificationCode, this.status});

  @override
  List<Object> get props => [verificationCode];

  ValidationState copyWith(
      {VerificationCode verificationCode, FormzStatus status}) {
    return ValidationState(
        verificationCode: verificationCode ?? this.verificationCode,
        status: status ?? this.status);
  }
}

And the validation state class is:

class ValidationState extends Equatable {
  final VerificationCode verificationCode;
  final FormzStatus status;

  const ValidationState({this.verificationCode, this.status});

  @override
  List<Object> get props => [verificationCode];

  ValidationState copyWith(
      {VerificationCode verificationCode, FormzStatus status}) {
    return ValidationState(
        verificationCode: verificationCode ?? this.verificationCode,
        status: status ?? this.status);
  }
}

Solution

I think the problem is your state class.

listener is only called once for each state change (NOT including the initial state) unlike builder in BlocBuilder and is a void function.

Every time when a new state is emitted by the Cubit it is compared with the previous one, and if they are "DIFFERENT", the listener function is triggered.

In you situation, you are using Equatable with only verificationCode as props, which means when two states are compared only the verificationCodes are tested. In this way BLoC consumer thinks that the two states are equal and do not triggers the listener function again.

If you check your verifyCode() function the only changing parameter is status.

In order to fix that add the status property to the props list in your state class.

  @override
  List<Object> get props => [this.verificationCode, this.status];

Answered By – jorjdaniel

Answer Checked By – Dawn Plyler (FlutterFixes Volunteer)

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